set 50 Hz on an 60 hz only samsung lcd linux

Problem: Samsung LCD (SA300) has no mode for 1920×1080@50. 50Hz are needed for smooth playback of europe/pal based tv/video (25fps). Solution: I have another LCD that can do 1920×1080@50. Use xrandr and xvidtune. I set it to 50Hz with „xrandr -r 50“ . Now start xvidtune and press „Show“.  This prints the 50Hz modeline, in my case:

„1920×1080“ 148.50 1920 2448 2492 2640 1080 1084 1089 1125 -hsync +vsync

Now I can use this modeline to set my secondary (non 50Hz) monitor (VGA1) to 50Hz:

xrandr –newmode „1080@50Hz“ 148.50 1920 2448 2492 2640 1080 1084 1089 1125 -hsync +vsync

xrandr –addmode VGA1 1080@50Hz

xrandr –output VGA1 –right-of HDMI1 –mode 1080@50Hz

I dont know why it works but I guess because my monitors have quite the same properties (same native resolution). But it could maybe also destroy your monitor!

ST2000LM003 HN-M201RAD (M9T) Load Cycle Count lifespan only 2.5 years?

Got new HDD for 110€. Its a Samsung/Seagate ST2000LM003 HN-M201RAD. It is also known as Samsung Spinpoint M9T. Samsung labels this device as MOBILE SATA Drive. It seems those drives are (software?) adjusted to park their read/write head much more often than in an conventional „desktop“ drive to prevent shock errors while moving laptops/notebooks. The datasheet states the drive would live longer than 600000 Controlled Ramp Load/Unload. Here is how I calculate how long my drive should be alive. Get the values by:

smartctl –all /dev/sda | grep -e „Hour“ -e „Load_Cycle“

9 Power_On_Hours 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always – 11

225 Load_Cycle_Count 0x0032 100 100 000 Old_age Always – 297

297/11=27 cycles per hour (ST2000LM003). I have another 2.5 HDD that is 4 years old that only has 5.7 cycles per hour. 27*24*365=236520 cycles per year. Now divide the estimated  600000 by 236520 cycles per year and I get 2.5 years lifespan for the drive which is quite short. Next step is to find out if this cylce count can be lowered somehow, for example with hdparm. But my disk already shows: smartctl -s on –xall /dev/sda AAM feature is: Disabled APM feature is: Disabled and hdparm -B /dev/sda /dev/sda: APM_level = off I will gather some more Cycle Count values over the days to get a more average value. Then I will try to set a value via hdparm.

  • UPDATE: overnight cycle count steady inceased to 737 for 31 hours usage. That gives 2.8 years lifespan.
  • UPDATE: I was able to lower the cycle count to 5 per hour. I used „hdparm -B 254 /dev/sda“ to enable APM on the disk and „hdparm -S 120 /dev/sda“ to set spindown time to 10 minutes.
  • UPDATE: After six months my load cycle count seems to stall at 4/hour. No increase of any other error values. Two things to mention: one may need to reset the two hdparm commands after every reboot! Otherwise the hdd is reset to factory default apm values. I used a start script in linux for that job. Sometimes I can still hear some strange short whistle from the disk. I dont know whats the cause of this but since I dont see error values changes I think thats just some weird internal disk function.